Do Digital Nomads Pay Tax in Spain?

Last Updated on 15 May 2024 by Brittany
do digital nomads pay tax in spain

When weighing your digital nomad destination options, especially when applying for a digital nomad visa, itโ€™s important to fully understand the implications of staying in a place. When it comes to one of the most popular digital nomad visas, we often get the question, โ€œDo digital nomads pay tax in Spain?โ€ 

Yes, digital nomads pay tax in Spain when they meet the criteria of a tax resident. 

We understand that living the digital nomad lifestyle is complicated and bureaucratic. The more information you have, the better you can make a decision about your next nomadic move. 

So, Nomads Embassy has partnered with an experienced local Spanish tax advisor to share the necessary tax information you need to know before relocating to Spain. 

Whether youโ€™re applying for the Spain digital nomad visa, the non-lucrative visa, or are entering Spain another way, knowing the tax implications will help you greatly. 

We always recommend speaking with a professional tax advisor to review your specific situation for the most accurate and up-to-date information. 

Do Digital Nomads Pay Tax in Spain?

If a remote worker meets the criteria of a tax resident, then yes, digital nomads pay tax in Spain. 

However, if a digital nomad is traveling in Spain on a tourist visa and does not hold residency or own property in Spain, and can prove their tax residency abroad then they will not owe taxes. 

You see where this can get a bit tricky?

The first thing to understand when determining if digital nomads pay tax in Spain is how one becomes a tax resident. 

do digital nomads pay tax in spain
via Unsplash

How Do You Become a Tax Resident in Spain?

There are multiple ways someone can become a tax resident in Spain.

The 183-Day Rule

When an individual spends 183 days in a year in Spain, they will automatically become a tax resident. 

This will be true for those with the Spanish digital nomad visa, as they must be present in the country for at least six months for their residency to remain valid. 

Main Residence in Spain

If your main residence is located in Spain, then you will also likely become a tax resident, even if you do not spend a total of 183 days in the country. If it is your home base while you travel for work or vacation, Spain can still claim you for owing taxes. 

However, if you can establish tax residency elsewhere and provide a certificate of this, the Spanish authorities will accept it and may not claim you as a tax resident. 

do digital nomads pay tax in spain
via Unsplash

What is a Spanish Non-Tax Resident?

It is also possible to be a Spanish non-tax resident and still owe taxes in Spain. This category applies regardless of the time spent in Spain during the year. 

Spanish non-tax residents will be taxed on Spanish income and assets, including:

  • Rental income from a property in Spain
  • Salary from a Spanish company
  • Freelance work from a Spanish office
  • Interest from a Spanish bank account
  • Dividends from a Spanish companyย 
  • Capital gains from a Spanish asset
To Pay Sign between Euro Banknotes and Tax Form - do digital nomads pay tax in spain

How Much Do Digital Nomads Pay Tax in Spain?

The tax rate for digital nomads in Spain is determined by your income, wealth, and if you are able to take part in any tax benefits. 

Personal Income Tax

As a tax resident in Spain, you will owe tax on your worldwide income. 

This means if you are in Spain on the digital nomad visa working for a company in the United States, you will pay Spanish income tax on your salary. 

The personal income tax rate for income over โ‚ฌ300,000 per year can go up to 52%. 

What type of income falls under personal income?

  • Employment
  • Freelancing
  • Real estate
  • Pass-through income

All of these streams will be taxed as personal income in Spain. 

Savings Income Tax

When you have a savings or investment account, you will also owe taxes on the money you earn in Spanish taxes. 

The savings income tax rate is between 19% to 28%. 

This tax will be applied to the following income:

  • Dividends
  • Interest
  • Capital Gains
  • Royalties
  • Insurances
do digital nomads pay tax in spain
via Unsplash

Wealth Tax

Spain also has a wealth tax on worldwide net wealth for digital nomads who are Spanish tax residents. 

However, the threshold for this tax varies depending on where you reside in Spain. 

For example, residents in Catalonia must pay wealth tax on assets worth more than โ‚ฌ500,000. However, residents in Valencia and Madrid only pay if assets are more than โ‚ฌ3 million. 

This worldwide wealth tax does not include:

  • Residential Home under โ‚ฌ300k
  • Pension Plans (such as IRA and ISA)
  • Family Businesses

Goods and Assets Abroad

Spain may also tax any goods and assets you own abroad. These assets include:

  • Real estate over โ‚ฌ300k
  • Crypto
  • Bank accounts
  • Investments

Social Security Tax

One of the main concerns when remote workers apply for the Spain digital nomad visa is the social security tax. 

There are two options to pay Spain social security:

  1. Your employer pays it OR provides a certificate of coverage in their country
  2. You pay the social security tax yourself

For this reason, many applicants decide to declare themselves as freelancers so that they can pay the Social Security tax on their own. 

If you decide to register as a freelancer in Spain and pay social security on your own, itโ€™s important that you keep VAT bookkeeping records and invoices. 

The first year, you will pay just โ‚ฌ85 per month towards social security. 

The second year, you will pay a percentage of your profit to social security. 

You must also pay quarterly taxes, including a 20% tax on the quarterly profit. 

beckham law - do digital nomads pay tax in spain
via Unsplash

Beckham Law Regime

What we have reviewed thus far about digital nomads paying tax in Spain is the general tax rates. However, some digital nomads may qualify for the Beckham Law Regime, which offers lower tax rates and benefits. 

The law was implemented when soccer player David Beckham came to play for Spainโ€™s team to reduce the taxes he would pay on his new salary. Now, it is available to remote workers and foreigners who decide to live in Spain. 

Beckham Law Tax Benefits

The tax rates and benefits of the Beckham Law include:

  • 24% flat tax on the first โ‚ฌ600k earned in employment or freelance income
    • 48% tax on anything over
  • 24% tax on Spanish income
  • Wealth tax only applies to Spanish assets

These benefits may also transfer to the spouse of the main applicant. 

It is most convenient for employers or freelancers who earn more than โ‚ฌ55,000 per year, have income and investments abroad, and who do not want to disclose their assets. 

Who is Eligible for the Beckham Law?

To be eligible to take advantage of the Beckham Law, you must meet the following criteria:

  • Have not been a Spanish tax resident in the last five years
  • Arrive in Spain as a consequence of employment, digital nomad visa, entrepreneurial visa, intercompany transfer, highly qualified visa, or a freelance providing research or development services to a Spanish company

Itโ€™s important to note that in order to apply for the Beckham Law, you must arrive in Spain with your visa or intention to apply for a resident permit. You cannot simply arrive on holiday and apply for the regime if you decide to apply for the digital nomad visa. 

You must arrive in Spain as a cause of the reasons and visas listed above. 

For this reason, it is extremely important to speak with a tax consultant or advisor when considering moving to Spain with the digital nomad visa. There are specific steps and processes to follow, especially if you want to take advantage of the Beckham Law. 

tax treaties - do digital nomads pay tax in spain
via Unsplash

Does Spain Have Double Taxation Treaties?

Yes, Spain has double taxation treaties with multiple countries, including the United States, Canada, Australia, and the United Kingdom. 

This means that you will not pay taxes in both countries. 

For US citizens, you will receive a tax credit, due to the citizenship-based tax system. Even when living abroad, US citizens must file federal tax returns annually. This tax credit from Spain will count towards any taxes owed in the US. 

do digital nomads pay tax in spain
via Unsplash

Is Living in Spain as a Digital Nomad Worth It?

Deciding whether it is worth living in Spain as a digital nomad is a personal decision. However, Nomads Embassy is here to give you all of the important information we think is necessary to make an informed decision about your relocation. 

Spain is known for its ideal weather, vast landscapes, and affordable cost of living. Whether youโ€™re looking to be center in a bustling city like Barcelona or living a slow life on Mallorca, there is a lifestyle for everyone in this beautiful country. 

For digital nomads who want to live abroad and eventually obtain permanent residency in another country, then Spainโ€™s digital nomad visa could be the best option for you!  

do digital nomads pay tax in spain
via Unsplash

How to Calculate Your Tax Rate in Spain as a Digital Nomad

The best way to accurately calculate your tax rate and how much you can expect to owe is by working one-on-one with a Spanish tax advisor. Equipped with the essential knowledge about Spainโ€™s tax system and details, they can review your income, assets, and more, to help you determine what tax bracket you will fall under. 

They can also help you with tax planning, such as applying for the Beckham Law, if you qualify. 

Calculating how much tax digital nomads will pay in Spain is best left to a professional for the most accurate estimate. 

If you wish to speak with Nomads Embassyโ€™s hand-selected local tax advisor, complete the form in this article. Plus, youโ€™ll get access to our free one-hour webinar about digital nomad taxes in Spain. 

do digital nomads pay tax in spain
via Unsplash

Experience a Smooth Relocation to Spain with Nomads Embassy

Moving abroad to Spain isnโ€™t a quick or easy obstacle to overcome. There is plenty of bureaucracy, paperwork, and research to be done. 

Thatโ€™s where Nomads Embassy: The Worldโ€™s First Embassy for Digital Nomads can help! 

We have partnered with hand-selected local immigration lawyers and tax advisors to assist our members with their relocation to Spain. 

To assist in applying for the digital nomad visa, we have created a comprehensive Done-for-You Digital Nomad Visa Service. Youโ€™ll work one-on-one with our immigration lawyer to review your documents, strategize your application process, and obtain residency in Spain. 

Want to learn more about how we can help you move to Spain as a digital nomad? 

Request our free digital nomad visa eligibility check to get started! 

Brittany
Content created by
Brittany
When Iโ€™m not writing and teaching people how to achieve a location-independent lifestyle, you can find me globetrotting, experiencing new cultures, and working on my amateur photography skills.
At Nomads Embassy, we independently test and review digital nomad services and provide detailed insights on digital nomad visa applications and requirements using a detailed, multi-step methodology. When you use our affiliate links to make a purchase, we may earn a commission. Learn more about our editorial process and read our full disclosure.
Nomads Embassy
Are you eligible for this visa?
Find out now

You may also enjoy

Can You Work Remotely in Croatia?

When searching for your next exciting digital nomad destination, you consider spending some time in Croatia, experiencing gorgeous weather and some of the best Mediterranean beaches. But can you work…

21 May 2024
by Brittany
Read more
10 Tips for Your Croatia Digital Nomad Visa Application

Applying for a digital nomad visa can be one of the most stressful and overwhelming bureaucratic processes you endure. To help create an easier experience, Nomads Embassy has collected helpful…

17 May 2024
by Brittany
Read more
Albania Digital Nomad Visa: How to Apply [4 Steps]

The Albania digital nomad visa, officially known as the Unique Permit, invites remote workers to live in the beautiful Mediterranean country for up to five years.  While not an official…

9 May 2024
by Brittany
Read more